Ethiopian Conflicts Rise


From Yahoo News’s “Ethiopia’s Tigray conflict risks spreading south” by Robbie COREY-BOULET.

Ethiopian PM sacks top officials as Tigray conflict mounts | Ethiopia | Al Jazeera

As the world struggles with COVID-19, Ethiopia is also struggling with a civil conflict, bordering on civil war. Ethiopia is lead by Abiy Ahmed, Nobel peace prize-winning prime minister, but the Tigray radicals are lead by Debretsion Gebremichael.

In Ethiopia’s Tigray region, the northernmost section of Ethiopia, there have been violent acts done by the TPLF (Tigray People’s Liberation Front). The TPLF attacked a military base on November 4; in this raid, many federal soldiers were “martyred” and wounded. In response to this, Ahmed launched a military offensive. This conflict has been a long time in the making due to rising tensions between the federal government and one of Ethiopia’s most powerful factions, but the tensions have risen in response to the Tigray holding the parliamentary elections in September.

This conflict has led to growing doubt towards the government and more specifically Abiy Ahmed. If this conflict continues, it will not only be harmful to Ethiopia, but also for the six surrounding nations. As a result of this, Sudan is closing its borders to Ethiopia, according to the CNN article, “Ethiopia Prime Minister says Tigray military ops ‘limited’ as Sudan closes border” by Bethlehem Feleke and Eoin McSweeney.

Tigray is crucial to the nation for many reasons, one of which is that it is the northernmost point in Ethiopia. It (Tigray) also makes up around six percent of the Ethiopian population, 110 million people, according to the New York Times article, “Why Did Ethiopia’s Leader Launch a War on the Tigray Region?” by Abdi Latif Dahir.

As these conflicts continue to advance and more chaos rises from the already chaotic year of 2020, the eyes of the world fall on Ethiopia to settle this conflict.